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Climate for Growing Arabica Coffee Beans

Arabica coffee is grown in relatively cool climates in the region between the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn.   The optimum temperature is between 15-24C (59-75F) year round.  Photosynthesis is slowed above these temperatures and frost damage can occur when temperatures hover around 0C.  Ideally, 1500-2500 mm of rain will fall over a nine month period with a three month dry season coinciding with the harvest (Mitchell, 44).  Areas with less rainfall can use irrigation to compensate.  A period of moisture stress (rain after a dry spell) helps cause a homogenous flowering and therefore premotes a clearly defined harvesting season.  Coffee producing countries with more than one wet and dry season will have more than one harvesting season.

There is a direct relationship between extremes of day and nighttime temperatures and coffee quality.  Experimental evidence has indicated that a large gap between day and nighttime temperatures is beneficial to the flavor of fruits.  Since a coffee cherry is a fruit and the seed is in contact with the fruit, these benefits will be passed onto the seed and therefore into the cup.

Related Articles:

Coffee Bean Development

Planting Coffee

Environmental Conditions for Growing Coffee

Growing Coffee

Processing Coffee

 

 

 
 

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